The Railroad and Minnesota Broadband

In 1868, the railroad bypassed Forestville, MN and the town died. The decline came slowly and over time my distant relatives, Thomas and Mary Meighen, saw the town dwindle, people move away, and they were left in an empty town with their farm and a general store attached to their home. Farm workers, paid in ‘chits’ to spend in that store, kept it open until 1908 when business in it came to a screeching halt as Thomas abruptly closed up shop — the last business in Forestville — with all the merchandise inside.

My Dad and his cousins tell stories of being kids on weekend holiday in the 1930’s, taken out to the farm to look around and rubbing the store windows so they could peek inside at all the old clothing, canned goods and assorted sundries, all left intact when Thomas locked the store and he and Mary moved to nearby Preston. Many of our other relatives moved there since Preston thrived when the railroad was built and passed through it instead of smaller Forestville to the south.

The Minnesota Historical Society later purchased their property (and what was left of the town) and turned it into a State Park, complete with interpretive storytellers in period costumes. It’s definitely worth a summer visit some weekend.

The lesson here is how important transportation was for physical goods in the late 1800’s during a time of shifting from a predominantly agrarian economy to one that was primarily industrial. The location of a railroad line dictated the fate of a town (though post-Civil War economic doldrums didn’t help). You may remember (or have heard stories about) how imperative it was for businesses to be “located on a siding” so railroad cars could load and unload easily, but what’s less obvious is the economic explosion that always accompanied the laying of track and the development which occurred alongside it, and how being bypassed by the railroad could doom a town or region.

If you buy in to the premise that we’re living in a time of the greatest shift in communication and connection in history driven by the internet — and that the transport of digital bits is as important (if not more so) than the movement of physical goods over the past 100 years or so — it almost goes without saying that location is not only less important today, in many ways it’s irrelevant unless you don’t have access to the internet and fast access at that.

What happens to your town if it’s bypassed by high-speed broadband like Forestville was by the railroad in 1868?

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development recently released a report on global broadband (PDF and more at the OECD Broadband Portal) and found the United States ranks 15th worldwide with a broadband density of 23.3 subscribers per 100 inhabitants. Notwithstanding our massive geography in the US and the significant investments necessary for ubiquitous and truly high-speed broadband, this is still a dismal situation growing more concerning by the year, especially if Minnesotans expect to participate in a global economy, and do so competitively, moving forward.

The good news? Minnesota is doing something about it.

In early 2007, I became aware of the Blandin Foundation’s Broadband Initiative and added their blog “Blandin on Broadband” to my RSS reader. I’ve been impressed with their assistance to outstate Minnesota communities, the rolling-up-of-shirtsleeves to assist these towns and regions with their own initiatives, and the attention they’re driving about the imperatives represented by the need for truly high-speed broadband within our State.

Much to my delight and strategically satisfying to my way of thinking, in the last Minnesota legislative session both the House and Senate passed legislation (HF2107/SF1918) to “…create a High-Speed Broadband Task Force to develop a broadband deployment goal for the state and a strategy to achieve it.”

“…the bill is something that will bring Minnesota into the 21st century by asking the governor to appoint the task force to make legislative recommendations regarding the creation of state high speed broadband goal and a plan to implement that goal.

The governor would appoint 19 members to the task force, in addition to four appointed by the Legislature. A report and recommendations will be due from the task force by Nov. 1, 2009, that;

  • identifies a level of broadband service, including connection speeds, reasonably needed by 2015;
  • describes a set of policies and actions needed to achieve that goal, and estimates the costs of doing so;
  • identifies areas in the state that lack infrastructure necessary to support broadband service; and
  • evaluates strategies and financing mechanisms used elsewhere to support broadband development.

On Monday June 30th, Governor Pawlenty announced the appointment of 20 leaders (26 members total) to the Minnesota High-speed Broadband Task Force:

Governor Tim Pawlenty today announced the appointment of Stephen Cawley, Brent Christensen, Thomas Garrison, Dr. Jack Geller, Ph.D., Barbara Jo Gervais, John Gibbs, JoAnne Johnson, Richard King, Tim Lovaasen, Mike O’Connor (editors note: Mike is a friend of Minnov8), Dr. Kim Ross, Ed.D., Vijay Sethi, Richard Sjoberg, Karen Smith, John Stanoch, Chris Swanson, Craig Taylor, Mary Ellen Wells, Peg Werner, and Robyn West to the High-Speed Broadband Task Force.  All 20 are appointed to terms that expire on March 2, 2010.

Thomas was quite active in Minnesota politics, though not necessarily in the mainstream. According to the Minnesota Historical Society site, “By the 1880s, …the Meighens gravitated to the new Farmer’s Alliance Party. This party attempted to “unite farmers of the United States for their protection against class legislation and the encroachment of concentrated capital and the tyranny of monopoly.” (Historian John D. Hicks.)

If Thomas were alive today, I can only imagine that he’d be incredibly involved with Blandin’s initiatives and active in the legislature helping drive ubiquitous and ultra high-speed broadband to every town in Minnesota since he saw first-hand what happens when your town is passed over with the transport system of the day.

Minnov8 will be staying close to this task force and will bring you their findings as they unfold. Nothing is more important to the future of Minnesota innovation in internet and web technology, our educational system and Minnesota’s economic development and global participation going forward.


  1. says

    Disclaimer: I work for a local ISP/hosting provider.

    However, my concern with Pawlenty’s appointments is the total absence of ANY local ISP on the Taskforce. I am sure the people appointed are intelligent beings that will offer good solutions. But it is hard to think that Governor Pawlenty has good intentions for Minnesota companies if the industry representatives (wireless, telecomm, cable) are also all representing large, national companies – Verizon, Qwest and Comcast.

    The one exception on the taskforce is Brent Christensen, of Madelia Telephone Company, as the representative of telephone companies with 50,000 or fewer subscribers located outside the Twin Cities metropolitan area.

  2. says

    @Stephanie: Really good point. In theory, the big providers are the ones with pockets deep enough to make the investments in fiber and other infrastructure. In practice, it’s like having every road with a toll booth on it and one argument is: should broadband infrastructure be a public infrastructure?

    There are so many issue surrounding broadband that I can barely wrap my head around it: 1996 Telecommunications Act and its promises of lower prices, choice and infrastructure investment that never happened; net neutrality and the need for unfettered use balanced with network management; the promise of Internet2 in which Minnesota has a key role; and the current House & Senate COPE Act ( and its attempt to massage that 1996 Act for today’s internet and telecom landscape.

    It’s messy, chaotic, complex and nuanced…and ISP’s should be there. Mike O’Connor, one of the appointees, owned and was arguably the biggest burr under USWest’s saddle in the 90’s when they weren’t playing fair with ISDN. Is it feasible to connect with him or someone else for ISP representation?

  3. says

    Forestville probably couldn’t come up with enough money to pay off the railroad tycoon and his political buddies.

    Government has gone out of its way to minimize competition in the broadband marketplace. That’s what Qwest and Comcast pay it to do. It’s that simple.

    I support the formation of the broadband task force. I’m also not holding my breath. I trust that O’Connor will bring an independent voice to the table.

    My belief is that ultimately our local governments will need to build and own Internet pipes — just like city streets. This isn’t just to ensure equitable access but freedom of speech.


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